Research task

Research log 1

Critical frameworks



The categories of films, for audiences, such as Horror, Sci if, Western, [but mainly so producers can sell it] for marketing and selling. If a film has genre that might make it more appealing to the viewer who is watching and by watching a trailer or seeing a poster you would be able to pick up the Iconography with the things that relate that genre such as ‘horror’ where you would think of blood.

I think that Genre is a good thing, however I think it’s slightly out-dated and one Genre isn’t enough to keep you interested in a film anymore. There needs to more sub genres to twist films and make them more interesting, rather than the same film every time.


The narrative is the story of what you are trying to tell. With pictures, sound and video. It leads people to understand what is going on. Either being liner or non-liner, meaning in order or out of order.

What I think about narrative depends on what mode I am in. Sometimes I want to watch simple or straightforward and other times, I want to see something more deep and meaningful.



The choices the filmmakers chose in a film to portray a character’s development, such as camera techniques, acting style, editing and sound.

The way something is portrayed.

I think that the way Woman is portrayed in film is outdated and it makes me thing we still live in the Victorian times. The way directors shoot them is stick and turns my stomach.



Who is the person watching your media and reading what you promote. Matching the market you want to meet, things like, genre and style will it appeal to their interest.

I think that having an Audience awareness can be useful for making sales and promoting your product. The problem however is that film makers don’t change and will stick to their audience and don’t try to change things.



To protected viewers from what they might think is offensive or is uncomfortable. It creates industry standards, boundaries and guidelines.

It protects younger viewers from seeing anything to horrific or sexual, as they might not understand the awareness that adults have. However adults should have the choice what films they want to see and it shouldn’t be decided by some guy I n a suit.

Also when things are cut from the movie it doesn’t feel the same because something is missing and it just feels silly because you taking away many hours or days of work from people who made it.

Technology [Digital media]

How media has progressed over the years, how technology is changed and adapted it has made things cheaper and easier for companies and independent people to films, because cameras and other resources are much cheaper and affordable. It also affects how we watch film and TV because you don’t even need a TV to watch TV anymore.

Personally I think that seeing something that is real in a film that is made out of practical effects is more impressive than something that was created by computer and I think CGI is over used in films and there are too many movies out with it.



Production- Budget, days on set, tech used, actors. Using time management and communication skills can be a problem with making a film.

Distribution- The Company that founds your film or TV programme. How do you get audiences? Who are you going to get the money to make your film?

Exhibition- showing films at the cinema or direct to –DVD. The issue being that once you sell your film you don’t own it anymore and Cinemas may not take it.

I think for filmmakers doing production is important and nothing should change. However I wouldn’t want to sell my films because I afraid they would change my film or even input in changing endings and it won’t be what you made anymore.



Marketing and promotion

Marketing – How your product is sold and how much money it can make, is it marketable towards a younger demographic and can it sell merchandising.

Promotion- how your product is advertised, where will it be showed on radio, TV, poster or magazines?

I think marketing can be good, I feel it can get overwhelming at times because you see the same movie trailers again and again, especially with blockbuster movies with all there adverts everywhere. I feel like the advertisers are rubbing my face in these movies until I see them. I know there trying to make money, just cut them back a bit.



Has narrative in science fiction TV changed over the past 50 years? An exploration of the way stories have been told with specific reference to Star Trek (1966) and Doctor Who (2017)

I have always been interested in TV narrative and the stories you can tell over multiple weeks rather than see a movie that’s only two hours and sometimes the narrative feels rushed.

TV Narrative can have better-developed characters and more time spend towards them and TV dramas especially British drama seems to last for many years with shows like Doctor Who constantly changing and more shows changing there tone.

But even not researching TV narrative I began to notice that the narrative in TV shows is changing, the mode and tone of TV shows are becoming more Modern and realistic, Dark and moody. Compared to what shows used to be and that was simple and laid back.

But has narrative changed with the time or it is the audience have changed? With my research I plan to look into why TV narrative is changed, how a storyline arc is thought out and who plans it?

I plan to interview a full time story writer to learn the full process to conducting a storyline and asking how much freedom to they get in book and if it would turned into film or a TV show what short of limitations they would be if that ever happened to one of your stories?

I also plan to interview a head writer of TV show and what goes though their head and ask them the question why has TV narrative changed? Do you have any guidelines you have to follow?   Such as subject matter or violence? And asking them if there commission for another series, but the writer feels if the show is done, what do they do? How long do you spend writing a script? How long do the BBC or ITV give you to write a script? Do you think it would have been different ten or many twenty years ago? Is this why some show finales fall flat? Does affect the narrative of the story if the actor wants to leave the main role? How does it feel when you pull off a long-winded narrative off?

I also plan to look at audience reviews and feedback to shows back when TV narrative wasn’t so risky and look at TV reviews now to see if the narrative or the audience has changed?

I plan to compare an Older TV show with a newer TV show and looking into shorter stories that would one play once and newer TV shows that rely on arcs to their story over the series. To see if jumping into a show randomly and seeing the main character with a random supporting characters that back in the day it look they main have shuffled around, is it better or better developed characters in a arc.

I am also going to compare US TV drama and UK TV drama and see if 22 episodes per year make a difference over our 13 or 6 episodes per year?


Annotated Catalogue



I trust this source because the guardian published it, and usually have a lot of facts and the witter has back up some of his claims. You aren’t be too sure how much has been changed or how depended the writer is, or how much has been edited or cut down. 




This source was not very useful, however it did have some useful keys in what to look for in TV narrative. I trust this source, but it is just mainly a list that could have been typed by any one and you don’t know what their background could be and there is nothing that can back them up.



I trust this source because it’s a website that seems too aimed towards Teachers, however it just asks geranal questions of where to begin teaching Narrative. It does no go in depth, mainly a guideline of where to start. Plus you don’t really know if the article was written by a Teacher or Lecturer.


I short of trust this source because of the main theory of the Roland Barthes five codes which is very useful. But I can’t be sure of much might have been cut down or changed since he first came up with the five codes. Because it seems to have a good basis, but there still could be more information.



I trust some elements of this source. The main issue I have with this airilce is it’s just talks about US dramas and speak about no other dramas around the world. This source is also two years old and some of the TV some may have changed their tone is two years. The airlce is it written on I never heard of it before, so I don’t know how reliable it is.







Some of the things stated in this source I trust, but again it talks about US drama and gives only one outlook on the subject it is talking about. Again the source is slightly old being six years old and I don’t really find anything stated really that revenant anymore.



I don’t trust this source because it isn’t very dependable. Because on this website seems to be more of a forum and people’s opinion on the subject of TV cliff-hangers, you have no idea if these people have studied media or work within the industry or even have a degree or anything that can buy up what they are saying.



I trust this source because it was written by someone who is actually published books, and the page has some good information Character Development and theories that are helpful and I will use some of the things that have been stated. Anyone can publish a book however, and from the article you don’t know what their background is or what they have studied.




Media Magazine Article- Battle star Galactica



I trust this source because it was published in a magazine. The information is quite detailed and the article discusses, the narrative and genre. However it is only a two page spread and you do not get all of the information. It only discusses the plot and the story so far, making more of an overview and anyone can overview a TV show. Also the article was written in 2013 so it may be a little dated.


Media Magazine Article- Broadchurch

I trust this source because again it was published in a magazine. The main source talks about the show Broadchurch and its overwhelming viewing figures on the first episode and its main narrative and speaks to the main writer Chris Cibnall. The only problem with the this source is you not sure how much of the article has been edited down and again the source maybe a tad out of date because Broadchurch just finished and this is when it just started.


Has narrative in science fiction TV changed over the past 50 years? An exploration of the way stories have been told with specific reference to Star Trek (1966) and Doctor Who (2017)



TV Narrative – explain what that means

Briefly introduce Barthes Codes

Intro the main TV Shows you are looking at

Main Points

Talk about how much TV has changed since the sixty’s, and talking about there were only four channels back then and talking about the endless TV channels now

Stating why shows like Doctor who were so popular back then


  1. Star Trek – Episodic – jump in at any time. Back this up with specific examples from that show (Western in Space)

With a main cast of characters Captain Kirk, Lt Spock being the leads of the show and supporting character’s such as, Scotty, Slu, Mc Coy    and because of the fact you can jump into the show at any time it usually swapping their supporting cast but keeping their leads in the main series.

The series focus on a five-year voyage across space, to baldly go where no man has been before.

The episodes are not linked together and episodes can range from them being on other planets to other spaceships and sometimes involves time travel with them travelling to other periods of time such as the 1920’s

The plots can sometimes be simple, but other times being complex depending if the writer explains the story well in one episode.

This can be a problem with the show as they were sometimes rushed and couldn’t get the whole story told in one week.

This was a problem that was later fixed in the Star Trek: The Next Geraration with them having three or two parts arcs that would tell one story.



  1. Doctor Who – Ongoing narrative – long story arc – examples

The Master [Missy] Locked inside a vault and the Doctor having to guard it for a 1000 years, having the Doctor needing to stay on earth and becoming a university lecturer and taking an interest in a woman called Bill who has been going to his lectures, finding out she works in the canteen. They begin travelling together, despite Nardole thinking the Doctor needs to stay and guard the vault.

Later due to the Doctor taking to many risks becomes blind and has to hide the fact he’s blind. To have his sight restored by the Monks who lead a three-part arc in the series and needing Missy’s help to stop them. When stuck on mars it is Missy who saves the Doctor and Bill and the Doctor thinking she is beginning to change, and tests her.

Leading to Bills death and becoming the first Cyberman and lured by another version of the Master, John Simm and Missy joining him and leading an army of Cybermen.


(Sci-Fi Soap Opera?)

  1. Barthes Codes – Explain them and apply to both TV Shows – are they the same or different?
  2. Compare Star Trek to Dr Who –in what ways do they use narrative differently? In what ways do they use narrative the same?


The new Dr Who – back to more like Star Trek – a mix of the two

More Evidence being the latest series of Doctor Who had more call backs to older series with the original Cybermen coming back, The Ice warriors, The John Simm Master and the Frist Doctor portrayed by David Bradley.

However some new fans did not really take to this and some find this oversaturating because some new fans may have even heard of the older episodes.

TV has not really changed it’s mainly the audience that have changed around it, that have changed how storylines have changed of what people relate to at the time and people seem to like realism more in TV. Depending on people’s modes

Series 10 feel like the show was going back to it’s routes of being more a fun family show, but still some of the tone all over the place and not sure what it wans to be.





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